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A package of Fiona CLI plugins from Planet Labs.

These CLI commands are for creating Unix pipelines that manipulate streams of GeoJSON features. Such pipelines provide a subset of the functionality of more complicated tools such as GeoPandas, PostGIS, or QGIS, and are intended for use with streams of hundreds of features, where the overhead of JSON serialization between pieces of a pipeline is tolerable.


python -m pip install --user fio-planet


fio-planet adds filter, map, and reduce commands to Fiona's fio program. These commands afford some of the capabilities of spatial SQL, but act on features of a GeoJSON feature sequence instead of rows of a spatial RDBMS table. fio-filter decimates a seqence of features, fio-map multiplies and transforms features, and fio-reduce turns a sequence of many features into a sequence of exactly one. In combination, many transformations are possible.

Expressions take the form of parenthesized lists that may contain other expressions. The first item in a list is the name of a function or method, or an expression that evaluates to a function. The second item is the function's first argument or the object to which the method is bound. The remaining list items are the positional and keyword arguments for the named function or method. The list of functions and callables available in an expression includes:

  • Python operators such as +, /, and <= plus truth, not, and is
  • Python builtins such as dict, list, and map
  • From functools: reduce.
  • All public functions from itertools, e.g. islice, and repeat
  • All functions importable from Shapely 2.0, e.g. Point, and unary_union
  • All methods of Shapely geometry classes.

Here's an expression that evaluates to a Shapely Point instance.

(Point 0 0)

Point is a callable instance constructor and the pair of 0 values are positional arguments. Note that the outermost parentheses of an expression are optional.

Here's an expression that evaluates to a Polygon, using buffer.

buffer (Point 0 0) :distance 1.0

The inner expression (Point 0 0) evaluates to a Shapely Point instance, buffer evaluates to shapely.buffer(), and :distance 1.0 assigns a value of 1.0 to that method's distance keyword argument.

In a fio-planet expression, all coordinates and geometry objects are in the OGC:CRS84 reference system, like GeoJSON. However, function arguments related to length or area, such as buffer's distance argument, are understood to have units of meters.

fio-filter and fio-map evaluate expressions in the context of a GeoJSON feature and its geometry attribute. These are named f and g. For example, here is an expression that tests whether the input feature is within 50 meters of the given point.

<= (distance g (Point -105.0 39.753056)) 50.0

fio-reduce evaluates expressions in the context of the sequence of all input geometries, named c. For example, this expression dissolves input geometries using Shapely's unary_union.

unary_union c


For usage help, please use the project discussion forum or email

If you think you've found a bug, please use the project issue tracker.


Version 1.0 adds filter, map, and reduce to Fiona's fio CLI.

Note that there are no conditional forms in 1.0's expressions. The project will likely add a cond after 1.0.


Before 1.0 the project is looking for feedback on the existing commands more than it is looking for new commands.

The project uses black, flake8, mypy, and tox for static checks and testing.

black src tests && flake8 && mypy && tox

Authors and acknowledgment

Contributors to this project are


Apache License, Version 2.0.